Who invented the computer
A computer is defined as a device that processes data according to the set of instructions. Although, as we know, today, computers become electronically. Computer stem back in the age of old days that are when the computer is without electricity. As the question of who invented computers is much difficult to answer, as many contributions from the past have helped in the development of that machine.
One of the primary few inventions of the computer would be the abacus, which was developed by the Babylonians within the 4th century BC. Other concepts that contributed to the event of machines were the adoption of Arabic numerals and, therefore, the idea of zero. There was also the invention of mechanical calculators by Wilhelm Schickard and Pascal within the 17th century. Then, within the 19th century, Charles Babbage created a steam-powered “Difference Engine,” which was aimed to calculate astronomical tables. But since it had been not successful, he converted the thought into the creation of Analytical Engine, which is meant to unravel all kinds of math problems. By Augusta Ada Byron where her writings included descriptions about ways computers can work, the concepts of knowledge analysis, and memory. Then there was Boole, who was the person behind Boolean logic. With the ideas pooled together from Babbage, Pascal, Byron, and Boole, it had been foreseen that it had been possible for machines that would store and analyze data to be built.
Then electricity happened within the 1940s, which allowed for Konrad Zuse’s invention of the programmable calculator, and therefore the design of transistors by Bell Telephone. There have been other inventions that contribute to parts and parcels of the fashionable computer, but one noted one was by John von Neumann of his idea of a stored program. Later in 1949, the Electronic Storage Delay Automatic Calculator was created and was the primary computer that would store programs. Then, many developers tried to return up with other networks also. From then on, many computer companies like Xerox, Intel, and Fairfield came into the image within the late 60s and early 70s, and names like Gates, Steve Jobs, and Steve Wozniak became famous for his or her inventions of PCs and Apples. With the various contributions from various parties, it’s impossible to pinpoint exactly who invented the pc.
Who invented the computer chip:
The computer chip was developed from 1958- 1959. The idea of integrating electronic circuit into one device was formed when the German physicist and engineer Werner Jacobi developed and patented the primary known microcircuit amplifier in 1949, and British radio engineer Geoffery Dummer proposed to integrate sort of standard electronic components during a monolithic semiconductor crystal 1952
Later engineer Jack Kilby invented the microcircuit, also referred to as the microchip, computer chip, or chip. A microchip could also be a group of interconnected electronic components like transistors and resistors that are etched or imprinted onto a little chip of a semiconductor, like silicon or germanium. The microchip shrunk the size and price of making electronics and impacted the long run designs of all computers and other electronics. the first successful manifestation of the chip was on September 12, 1958
Who invented the computer virus:
The term bug may be a sort of programming when executing itself by modifying other computer viruses by inserting its code. When this replication succeeds, the affected areas are then said to be infected with a bug.
The term bug, coined by Fred Cohen in 1985, maybe a misnomer. Viruses may cause some harmful activities on infected host computers, like the acquisition of hard disc space or central processing unit time, accessing and stealing private information (e.g., MasterCard numbers, open-end credit numbers, phone numbers, names, e-mail addresses, passwords, bank information, house addresses, etc., corrupting data, displaying political, humorous or threatening messages on the user’s screen spamming their e-mail contacts, logging their keystrokes, or maybe rendering the pc useless. A defining characteristic of viruses is that they’re self-replicating computer programs that modify other software without user consent by injecting themselves into the said programs, almost like a biological virus that replicates within living cells.
Who invented the computer monitor:
Univac computer operators in 1951 did not have a monitor to assist them to see what was happening inside the pc — they’d need to take their cues from lights on an impact panel flashing because the computer went about its chores. Today, computing chores are far more complex, and other people need monitors to speak with their computers. When commercial monitors first began to appear around 1960, though, they were quite primitive compared to the massive, vibrant flat screens of today.
Monitors are output devices that computers use to convey information. People within the early computing days didn’t need monitors that much because they communicated with computers using paper. Punched card machines allow them to type instructions on cards that a computer reads. After it processed the education, the pc punched its output onto other cards or papers that humans had to decipher.
Who invented computer coding:
In 1883, the first programming language was created, when Ada Lovelace worked with Charles Babbage on his very early mechanical computer, the Analytical Engine. She wrote an algorithm for the Analytical Engine that was the primary of its kind. Due to her contribution, Lovelace is credited with creating the primary programming language. As different needs have arisen, and new devices are designed, more words have followed.
Here’s the list, hope it helps:
1949: Assembly Language: First widely utilized in the Electronic Delay Storage Automatic Calculator, the programming language may be a sort of low-level programming language that simplifies the communication of machine language, the precise instructions needed to inform the pc what to try to to.
1952: Alick Glennie developed auto code for the Mark 1 computer
1957: Fortran: A programming language created by John Backus for sophisticated scientific, mathematical, and statistical work
1958: Algol: Created by a committee for scientific use
1959: COBOL: Created by Dr. Grace Murray Hopper as a programming language that would run on all brands and kinds of computers
1959: LISP: Created by John McCarthy of MIT, LISP remains in use
1964: BASIC: Developed by John G. Kemeny and Thomas E. Kurtz
1970: Pascal: Developed by Niklaus Wirth
1972: Smalltalk: Developed by Alan Kay, Adele Goldberg, and Dan Ingalls
1972: SQL: SQL was developed by Donald D. Chamberlin and Raymond F. Boyce at IBM.
1978: Developed by Cleve Moler. MATLAB stands for Matrix Laboratory
1983: C++ is an extension of the C language and was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup
1987: Perl: Perl was initially developed by Larry wall up 1987 as a scripting language
1991: Python: Designed by Guido Van Rossum
1991: Visual Basic: Developed by Microsoft
1995: Originally called Oak, Java was developed by Sun Microsystems
1995: PHP Created by Rasmus Lerdorf
1995: Yukihiro “Matz” Matsumoto created Ruby
1995: Created in only ten days by Brendan Eich
2000: C#: Developed by Microsoft to mix the computing ability
2003: Scala: Created by Martin Odersky
2003: Groovy: Developed by James Strachan and Bob McWhirter
2009: Go: Go was developed by Google to deal with problems which will occur in large software systems